Month: August 2017

Researchers find that proactively removing more than 24 lymph nodes can help the long term outcome of patients with Oral Cavity Squamous Cell Carcinoma. Surgical nodal dissection or excision involves removing lymph nodes affected by cancer and simultaneously determining the stage of cancer.Benefits of such measures include staging cancer and limiting the spread of cancer
0 Comments
A recent article in American Journal of Clinical Nutrition has shown that dietary calcium intakes can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease in Korean women while having neutral effects on stroke and fracture risk.   Nutrition specialists are now recommending calcium supplements for everyone. Calcium is one of the essential minerals which have been shown
0 Comments
  Scientists compared three anti-epileptic drugs including one branded Lamotrigine and two lamotrigine-generic drugs and found them to be bioequivalent.  Now we know: branded and generic drugs can be substituted with confidence.   It is estimated that nearly 80% prescriptions filled in the US are for generic drugs. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
0 Comments
Scientists at the Center for Injury Research and Prevention at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia asked the question; “what is the association between attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and car crashes involving young adult drivers, and does this vary by sex, licensing age, and/or being prescribed ADHD medication?” Car crashes are the leading cause of death
0 Comments
  In a 2017 study, researchers explored the risks and benefits of levothyroxine for subclinical hypothyroidism treatment in older adults. The findings suggest levothyroxine does not improve hypothyroidism symptoms.   Hypothyroidism – underproduction of the thyroid hormone thyroxine and compensatory overproduction of the pituitary hormone which promotes its release, thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) –can have profound
0 Comments
Metabolic syndrome and non alcoholic fatty liver disease are conditions that are becoming more prevalent due to an increase of fructose and fats in our diets. A new study examines the role of citrulline in preventing endotoxin-induced injury in a rat model of non alcoholic fatty liver disease and finds that citrulline is able to prevent an inflammatory
0 Comments
Human PapillomaVirus (HPV) diagnostic tests are commonly performed among PAP positive women, but their impact on the detection, severity and disease management of cervical intraepithalialneoplasia (CIN) remains poorly understood. A recent study suggests HPV tests may indeed improve timing and detection rates of Atypical Squamous Cells and CIN among PAP positive women.   Human PapillomaVirus
0 Comments
 A recent study used nutritional metabolomics to identify diet-related metabolites as potential breast cancer risk factors. The findings show that prediagnostic serum concentrations of metabolites related to alcohol, vitamin E, and animal fats were associated with an increased breast cancer risk. Breast cancer is currently the leading global cause of cancer-related deaths in women. There
0 Comments
A small-molecule drug inhibitor called vismodegib successfully treated a dire case of infiltrative basal cell carcinoma. According to the authors, this case qualifies as a first to report a complete remission for this subset of skin cancer.   Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is one of the most common types of skin cancer. For patients with
0 Comments
A meta-analysis combining results across studies assessed outcomes of tight versus standard glucose management on the prevention of onset and progression of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) in diabetic patients. Study results suggest that diabetic patients who were under stringent glucose control have a comparable risk of kidney failure to those under standard glucose management.  
0 Comments
  Chronic kidney disease is both a cause and consequence of hypertension. In patients with both conditions, accurate evaluation and a tailored treatment program are essential for successful hypertension management.     Blood circulates through the body at a certain pressure within the arteries. This pressure changes depending on activity levels– elevating during exercise, to
0 Comments
Stress urinary incontinence, a condition in which individuals experience incontinence during physical exertion, could affect up to half of older adults and may lead to a reduction in quality of life. In a randomized clinical trial, Liu and colleagues show that electroacupuncture may be an effective treatment for stress urinary incontinence.   Stress urinary incontinence,
0 Comments
The National Audit Office (NAO) published a report on July 27th regarding the inappropriate handling of unprocessed clinical correspondence, leading to a backlog, by the NHS Shared Business Services (NHS SBS).   The National Audit Office (NAO) in the United Kingdom published a report on July 27th regarding the inappropriate handling of unprocessed clinical correspondence
0 Comments
A recent study published in JAMA Psychiatry found that some adolescents, especially males, who lived in disadvantaged neighbourhoods showed abnormal changes in brain structure from early to late adolescence.   Positive parenting may protect against changes in brain structure, counteracting the biological and functional consequences associated with disadvantage. The biological, psychological, and social consequences of socioeconomic
0 Comments
Diabetic foot ulcers are one of the most common complications affecting diabetic patients. A recent review article outlines preventative measures that can decrease the odds of developing foot ulcers.   Diabetic foot ulcers, especially on the bottom of the foot, are a common problem in diabetics. Up to 26.1 million diabetic patients worldwide are estimated
0 Comments
PET scanning revealed elevated translocator protein in several regions comprising the neurocircuitry of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), indicating a pathogenic role for microglia in the neuropathogenesis of OCD. Though several Hollywood stars have been diagnosed with OCD, no one is better remembered for suffering from this debilitating condition than Howard Hughes of ‘The Aviator’. Characterized
0 Comments
Researchers investigated the effect of age and proton pump inhibitors on aspirin-associated bleeding in cardiovascular patients. The study found that use of proton pump inhibitors reduces the risk and severity of bleeding in patients 75 and older. Though antiplatelet therapies such as aspirin are routinely prescribed for the prevention of recurring cardiovascular events in older
0 Comments
A recent study in JAMA Oncology compared the effectiveness of mammography alone vs. mammography in combination with MRI or ultrasonography in breast cancer screening. The results showed that combinatorial approaches could have a significant impact on detection rates and sensitivity for patients undergoing screening for recurrence.   Breast cancer screening is an indispensable practice in
0 Comments
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the thalamus is a well-known treatment for tremor related to Parkinson’s disease, but the research surrounding its efficacy with multiple sclerosis tremors remains inconclusive. DBS of two thalamic nuclei was found to significantly decrease tremor severity over the course of 6 months in individuals with multiple sclerosis tremors.   Multiple
0 Comments