Month: February 2019

A new study investigated the beneficial effects of choline, an important nutrient, in the prevention and treatment of Alzheimer’s disease across two generations. Alzheimer’s disease is one of the least understood chronic neurodegenerative diseases affecting over 30 million people worldwide. It most commonly affects people over the age of 65 years. Usually, the disease starts
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The prevalence of food allergies has thoroughly been researched in children. A recent survey investigated the commonness and severity of food allergies in American adults.   Food allergies are a potentially fatal condition that can affect the quality of life many patients. Many studies have previously investigated the prevalence of food allergies amongst children, but
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A recent study determined how emotion regulation may alter negative health effects due to family stress.   The human body responds to psychological stress through chronic and acute symptoms. Facing chronic stress at an early age has been identified to increase susceptibility to depression, cardiovascular disease, a weaker immune system, and overall poorer health. An
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A recent study investigated whether one of the benefits of lifting weights is reducing the risk of a heart attack or stroke. Resistance exercise has been shown to improve many cardiovascular disease risk factors such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity, and diabetes. However, there is limited information on the benefits of lifting weights
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A recent article published in Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research examined the growth trends of children’s bones. Monitoring bone growth is important for children with developmental and skeletal disorders, such as constitutional growth delay and scoliosis. Healthcare professionals can assess when bones stop growing longitudinally, an event termed epiphyseal fusion, to better understand developmental conditions.
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Research shows promise towards understanding the underpinning cellular causes of skin cancer and its potential treatment.   The incidence of skin cancer is rising with cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC), a form of non-melanoma skin cancer that is the second most common form of cancer in the United States. Of these, between 2-5% of patients
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In a study published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, researchers tested whether body mass index is still an effective calculation for projecting cardiovascular health.   Body mass index (BMI) is a simple calculation of an individual’s weight (in kilograms), divided by their height (in meters squared). Obesity is known to be a
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A recent study developed and evaluated the effectiveness of a new device to detect epileptic seizures and act as an epilepsy warning. Despite receiving medication, approximately 30% of people with epilepsy continue to have seizures. Seizures occurring during sleep can be especially dangerous and are often unwitnessed. These epileptic patients are also at high risk
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New research investigates the potential effects of a plant-based diet on improving athletic performance and overall health in middle-aged and older endurance athletes. It is no secret that regular exercise is essential for good health. Keeping active in combination with a nutritious diet is beneficial in preventing obesity, maintaining bone density, and preventing loss of
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A new study in JAMA Internal Medicine accessed data from over 25000 patients to analyze the risk of community-acquired pneumonia in both non-HIV and HIV patients using opioids as painkillers.   People with HIV suffer severe immune deficiencies that compromise their body’s ability to fight pathological conditions, making them prone to a wide spectrum of
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A recent study attempted to classify patients into five types of insomnia while evaluating differences in expression, treatment, and biology.   Humans have a complicated relationship with sleep, often involving mixed feelings. We might yearn to have more time to dedicate for sleep or search for ways to improve its quality. Yet, often simultaneously, we
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Past methods for antitumor therapies have focused on enhancing systemic immune activity. Yale University researchers have highlighted developments in a more recent approach to cancer immunotherapy that may result in more effective treatments.   Since its inception, cancer research has largely been based on the premise of enhancement therapies: immune system boosting treatments that increase
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To determine the consequences of increasingly sedentary lifestyles, researchers recently studied how physical activity can counter the negative effects of sitting.   Recent statistics show that the average person sits for at least 12 hours per day. This has caused the scientific community to coin the term “sitting disease” to refer to the effects physical
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Many cancer patients find that they develop cognitive problems as they become ill. A new study found that aspirin could limit cognitive problems in mice with cancer. Almost half of cancer patients with solid tumors develop cognitive problems, including problems with learning, concentration, and memory. Some of these problems can remain decades after successful cancer
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In a recent study published in JAMA Pediatrics, researchers reviewed the effects of taking probiotics during pregnancy on breast milk sugars and levels. Human milk oligosaccharides (HMO), are sugar molecules found only in human breast milk. They are typically non-digestible by humans but are very important for infants. It is said that breastfed infants are
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Antibiotic resistance is a growing threat of present times. A recent study published in Nature Communications discussed the impact of sewage contamination in the development of antibiotic resistance. Developments of resistant pathogens pose a great challenge in the field of medicine. Bacteria can evolve into resistant forms to overcome antibiotics and favour its survival. Sewage
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