Month: May 2019

Current options to treat cancer include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy; but will there ever be a cancer vaccine? Vaccines are a powerful method to prevent infectious diseases. They work by stimulating the immune system to mount a reaction against dangerous germs. The success of vaccines in controlling infectious diseases prompted scientists to explore their use
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A study investigating the effects of saffron in children and teens suggest potential as an alternative herbal treatment for ADHD. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neuropsychiatric disorder often seen in childhood and adolescence. It is a chronic disorder that results in problems such as poor concentration and impulse control. An estimated 30% of patients
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A study published in the British Journal of Pharmacology suggests a new molecule could be a promising new treatment for type 2 diabetes. Facts about type 2 diabetes Diabetes is one of the most common and costly chronic diseases. In 2017, over 2 million Canadians reported being diagnosed with diabetes. According to Statistics Canada, Canadians
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A recent study examined the relationship between spending time alone, self-esteem, and feelings of belonging in first-year college students. Being a first-year college student is stressful, to say the least. Transitioning from the relatively supportive and familiar environment of high school forces us to take several big steps out of our comfort zones. Being independent
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A recent study assessed whether controlling blood pressure with anti-hypertensive treatment would be associated with a reduced rate of morality. High blood pressure is one of the most prevalent health concerns in adults across the globe. A recent study aimed to understand whether maintaining normal blood pressure values would have an impact on life expectancy
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A new study evaluated colchicine, a drug used for gout treatment, to improve a complication of diabetes called metabolic syndrome. Approximately one-third of adults in the United States have metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome is a combination of conditions such as increased blood pressure, high blood sugar, increased body fat, and increased cholesterol and triglyceride levels
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A recent study, published in Diabetes care, investigated a potential link between type 2 diabetes treatment and the risk of Alzheimer’s disease and dementia.   Type 2 diabetes, a medical condition characterized by the body’s inability to manage appropriate blood sugar levels, has been associated with worsened cognitive functions. Specifically, compared to healthy individuals type
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A new study determined how changes in the gut microbiome influence heart health and identified potential links between gut health and arterial dysfunction due to ageing. Ageing is associated with a number of health challenges. Of many disorders that ageing presents, cardiovascular disease carries the greatest burden for the elderly population, their family members, and
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Researchers investigate whether a combination of fulvestrant and anastrozole will increase survival in HR+breast-cancer patients.   Breast cancer is a complex disease that is difficult to treat. There are different types of breast cancer and each type requires its own unique treatment strategy. There are two broad categories of breast cancer: hormone receptor positive (HR+)
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An exciting new study published in Nature Communications has revealed how the gut microbiome influences the efficacy of cancer immunotherapy.   There are approximately 30 trillion bacteria thriving within our gut. This bacterial community residing in our guts is called the microbiome. Until now, the function of this microbiome was appreciated only in the context of aiding
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A recent study examined important factors in preventing suicide among middle-aged men to develop a potential multimedia program for individuals visiting their primary doctor’s office.   Discussions regarding common causes of death often bring up thoughts of serious medical conditions, such as cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Yet, one cause, perhaps all-too-often overlooked in this discussion
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Researchers explore how obesity causes changes in brain structure and function, and how differences in brain structure and function can cause obesity. A recent review published in Trends in Cognitive Sciences discussed whether obesity reduces self-control or if reduced self-control leads to obesity. The researchers found that this relationship mainly has to do with activity
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