Month: July 2019

Scientists in Australia have developed a precise new way to diagnose inflammatory bowel disease using nuclear medicine. A study recently published in The Journal of Nuclear Medicine discusses how to diagnose inflammatory bowel disease in a quicker, more efficient way by categorizing inflammatory markers. Researchers used immuno-positron emission tomography (Immuno-PET) to image antibodies that target
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Researchers examined how a mother’s pre-pregnancy weight alters her breastmilk, and how this, in turn, affects her infant’s growth. With childhood obesity increasing around the world, clinicians and researchers are searching for ways to curb the growing rates. In a recent study, researchers went to the beginning stages of life to determine the influences on
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Results from a recent study suggest that an inexpensive and affordable solution for early melanoma detection should be implemented in clinical practice. Early detection and diagnosis of melanoma in Stage 0 or Stage 1 can increase survival rate to as much as 98%, demonstrating the importance of improving melanoma detection methods. Researchers from the United
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Understanding the mechanisms that cause multiple sclerosis may help guide the development of new treatment for progressive multiple sclerosis. Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease of the central nervous system that involves inflammation-associated damage in the brain that leads to neurodegeneration. Patients with multiple sclerosis may have a relapsing-remitting form, where they cycle between periods
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In a recent study, researchers explored the hypothesis that a low-carb diet improves brain function. Alzheimer’s disease is a neurological condition characterized by cognitive decline. In recent years researchers have attempted to produce medications to help treat the disease, but the majority of them have had no significant effects. Now researchers are looking at alternative
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Researchers have uncovered a new class of therapeutic molecules that target the cancer stem cells responsible for metastasis and tumour relapse. Not all cancer cells are the same and various types of cancer cells may exist within the same tumour. Research suggests that a subpopulation of cancer cells, known as cancer stem cells, are responsible
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Researchers investigate whether atypical eating habits could be used to diagnose autism spectrum disorder. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by two core symptoms namely difficulty with social interaction and communication, as well as repetitive and obsessive behaviors. People with ASD have difficulty forming relationships and often respond inappropriately during conversations. They engage in repetitive
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Have you wondered how your home blood pressure monitor works? Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is a long-term condition that can increase the risk of other complications, including heart attacks and strokes. Doctors recommend that hypertensive patients take the appropriate precautions necessary to ensure that they manage their blood pressure within the recommended
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Researchers study if children experience a change in neurocognitive function due to head impacts from playing tackle football. Contact sports being played by children are still a concern among medical professionals and parents. Experiencing head impacts can lead to short- and/or long-term neurocognitive effects. In a study published by the Journal of Neurotrauma, children who
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Researchers investigated the impact of high-dose radiation on the host immune system during cancer treatments. Over four-fifths of lung cancers are non-small cell lung cancer. This type of lung cancer mainly occurs in current or former smokers. The treatment options for non-small cell lung cancer are mainly based on the stage of cancer. Radiation therapy
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Researchers aim to develop a simple urine test for diagnosing irritable bowel syndrome, with potential use to monitor response to IBS treatment. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a chronic disorder of the digestive tract, characterized by abdominal pain, bloating, gas, diarrhea, and constipation. Diagnosis of this syndrome is complicated and requires invasive procedures like colonoscopy
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Results from the recent BEACON CRC trial highlights a new triple therapy drug combination for the treatment of advanced bowel cancer. Up to 15% of patients with advanced bowel cancer have a mutation in the BRAF gene. These patients have a poor prognosis for survival, especially in those who fail initial standard chemotherapy. These patients
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Researchers investigate whether there is an association between androgen depletion therapy and dementia. Prostate cancer is androgen sensitive, meaning this cancer grows in response to the presence of androgens. Androgens are male sex hormones such as testosterone and dihydrotestosterone. Androgen deprivation therapy (the removal of circulating androgens) is one of the main approaches to treating
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Osteoporosis is a bone condition that results in weak and porous bones, typically affecting post-menopausal women. Risk factors for osteoporosis include gender, age, family history, bone structure, and hormonal risk factors. Lifestyle factors also play a role in the risk of developing osteoporosis; a highly sedentary lifestyle, tobacco use, alcohol consumption, and low calcium diet
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Researchers at Oregon State University have improved techniques that use magnetic nanoparticles to kill cancer cells with heat. The improved magnetic nanoparticles – particles that measure close to one-billionth of a meter- created by these researchers generate heat in the cancer cells when activated using an alternating magnetic field. This form of cancer treatment is
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Researchers investigate whether migraines during pregnancy are associated with health concerns in mother and child. Migraines are more than a simple headache. Although migraines appear similar to headaches symptomatically with mild to serve head pain. They can last anywhere from 4 -72 hours and are actually classified as a neurological disorder that involves diverse parts
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Updated guidelines for the detection of high blood pressure can lead to improved diagnoses of pregnancy-related high blood pressure, study finds. High blood pressure during pregnancy is associated with many risks for both the mother and the baby. High blood pressure, both chronic and pregnancy-associated (gestational), is linked to approximately 14% of maternal deaths worldwide.
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A recent research study assesses non-invasive methods for screening and detecting endometrial cancer in women. Due to its positioning in the human body, the detection of endometrial cancer in women traditionally requires invasive procedures. However, advancements in biotechnology have unveiled non-invasive methods to screen the endometrium for early detection of endometrial cancer. Early detection is
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