Researchers in the USA investigated how genetic testing can help in the diagnosis and management of chronic kidney disease in some patients.   The kidneys have many functions including blood filtration, maintaining fluid balance, blood pressure control, red blood cell production, and keeping bones healthy by vitamin D metabolism. In people with chronic kidney disease,
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A major reason for unplanned pregnancies is limited access to long-acting and cost-effective contraceptive methods. A microneedle patch for delivering hormones to prevent pregnancy is currently being developed. An astonishing 85 million pregnancies around the world were unintended in 2012. This has led to millions of abortions. Affected women and their families, as well as
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The soda industry has aggressively promoted fitness as the answer to the obesity epidemic. But have they purposefully ignored the effects of drinking soda? A recent study discussed how the influence of the soda industry helped shape the obesity policy in China. As early as 1942, the American Medical Association recommended cutting soda from the
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In a recent study published in PLoS ONE, researchers presented a new way of identifying depression and anxiety in children. There is a growing rate of children suffering from internalizing disorders, such as depression and anxiety. One in five children suffer from one of these conditions, some starting as early as preschool years. It is
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A study by Barker and colleagues compared physical activity in chronic disease patients and healthy individuals. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that individuals exercise at least 150 minutes per week to maintain a healthy lifestyle. These recommendations are based on several studies that have shown that physical inactivity can increase the risk of developing
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Groundbreaking research determined whether ambient scents are enough to satisfy cravings for high-calorie, fattening foods. It can be difficult to eat healthily in today’s day, where unhealthy, calorie-dense foods are easily accessible. These foods are also heavily marketed to consumers, preventing nutrient-dense whole foods, like fruits and vegetables, from making their way into shopping carts.
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A recent study investigated how ghrelin, a stomach hormone, promotes individuals’ conditioning to food-related odours and eating behaviours. Obesity, defined as the excess of body fat, is an increasingly prevalent phenomenon that is associated with an elevated risk of many chronic diseases, including hypertension, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. There are several factors that have contributed
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As antibiotic resistance is becoming more prominent, a recent study investigated the prevalence of inappropriate antibiotic prescriptions in the US. Antibiotics are used to kill bacteria. However, some commonly used antibiotics can cause some bacteria to become resistant, making it harder to treat their associated illnesses.  These resistant bacteria can survive and increase in number,
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A recent study in PNAS investigated whether inorganic nitrates can prevent steatosis of liver using cell and animal models.   Increasing age and unhealthy dietary habits are risk factors for obesity and type 2 diabetes, both of which contribute to the development and progression of cardiovascular disease. Additionally, obesity and type 2 diabetes can also
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A recent study investigated a new signaling molecule, interleukin-6, that may play a crucial role in regulating exercise-associated loss in belly fat. Obesity, defined as an excess of body fat, can increase the risk of several medical complications, including diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Moreover, excessive belly fat can worsen health outcomes, result in low self-esteem,
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A new screening method that uses a sponge-on-a-string device could help save lives by detecting Barrett’s esophagus, a precursor to esophageal cancer. Esophageal cancer has a poor survival rate. It is the eighth most common cancer and sixth most common cancer-related cause of death. The only known precursor to esophageal cancer is Barrett’s esophagus (BE),
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New research published in Neurology investigates the potential benefits of exercise on thinking skills and cognitive function in adults. Regular exercise is an important component of living a healthy lifestyle for many reasons. It is extremely beneficial to physical health because it helps maintain optimal body mass and composition, respiratory function, and much more. It
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A recent study investigated whether adopting seven recommendations by the American Heart Association can improve heart health and reduce the risk of developing diabetes. The American Heart Association (AHA) recently identified a list of seven health factors or behaviours that, if adopted, can successfully maintain heart health and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and
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According to a recent study published in the British Journal of Medicine, eSports players should receive the same medical care as traditional sports athletes. Competitive electronic gaming, also known as eSports, has become a global phenomenon. In 2019, an estimated 427 million people globally will watch eSports, and this number is expected to increase to
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An Australian study published in Heart Rhythm examines whether even moderate alcohol consumption can make preexisting atrial fibrillation more severe. Atrial fibrillation is one of many cardiovascular disorders that can be fatal if left untreated. In patients with atrial fibrillation, unusual electrical signals in the upper compartments of the heart, called atria, lead to fast
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In a study published in the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, researchers discovered that Tetris can help relieve PTSD flashbacks. People who suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) often undergo flashbacks,  which are involuntary recurring visual memories of the frightful and upsetting experience. Researchers from the Karolinska Institute in Sweden uncovered that Tetris, a
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Australian scientists have made a breakthrough in ultrasound technology that could greatly improve the performance of ultrasound imaging.   Ultrasound is a non-invasive technique used to capture internal images of the body such as blood vessels, muscles, organs, and soft tissues. It helps doctors and health professionals diagnose patients’ abnormalities or signs of disease. Unlike
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