An increased risk found for infant mortality due to necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) from mothers’ smoking during pregnancy. The correlation was found to be higher amongst babies that were white and female.   The mortality rate due to necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is between 15-25% and represents the leading cause of infant mortality in neonatal babies. NEC
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In a 2017 study, researchers investigated the link between motor impairment and familial risk of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. The study found greater impairments in manual dexterity and balance in children with familial schizophrenia risk compared to their peers.   Motor deficits have been observed in individuals with schizophrenia even before the manifestation of the
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Clinical trial data support the administration of antibiotics within 60 minutes before surgery for prevention of infection.   Surgical site infections (SSIs) are the most common hospital-acquired infections in surgical patients. To prevent such infections, the World Health Organization (WHO)recommends antibiotics be given within an hour of surgical incision. Called surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis (SAP), these
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Increases in colorectal adenoma (the initial sage of colorectal cancer) are reported to be associated with long-term use of antibiotics. A study carried out to assess long-term and short-term use of antibiotics in relation to colorectal adenomas found that long-term antibiotic use in early/middle adulthood is associated with increased risk of colorectal adenoma.   In
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A recent study published in PNAS identifies the protein Neil1, involved in DNA damage repair, as protective against aflatoxin-induced liver cancer. Mice lacking Neil1 had an increased risk of developing aflatoxin-induced hepatoceullar carcinoma.   HCC is most common in developing countries and accounts for an estimated 700,000 death per year. This high mortality rate highlights
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The Canadian government, under Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, plans on passing new legislation that will legalize recreational marijuana use across Canada for anyone over the age of 18. Despite wide public support, some policy makers and politicians have concerns regarding the logistics and wholesome regulation of recreational marijuana.   Legalizing recreational marijuana has been a
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Results of a retrospective study published in the Journal of American Medical Association show that children of mothers who were overweight or obese during pregnancy have a higher risk of developing epilepsy.   Epilepsy is a syndrome characterized by recurrent and unprovoked seizures. Although it is one of the common neurological disorders encountered by clinicians,
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Researchers in India report that yoga postures, breathing disciplines and meditation may be the key to prolonging that proverbial fountain of youth. Biomarkers found in human blood samples drawn during a clinical trial showed the anti-aging benefits of practicing these ancient holistic practices.   In the Yoga and Meditation Based Lifestyle Intervention (YMLI) clinical trial,
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A population-based study in New Zealand examined the effects of childhood lead exposure at age 11 and again at age 38.  The degree of lead exposure was determined to be inversely correlated with IQ levels and socioeconomic advancement.   In the wake of Flint Michigan, lead poisoning has made its way into the media spotlight.
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Antibiotics are commonly used in beekeeping to prevent bacterial infections, but these drugs also come with side-effects that are not fully understood in many species. This group aims to study the effects of antibiotic treatment on the composition of gut bacteria in honeybees and effects on the bees’ overall health.   Antibiotics are commonly used
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Researchers from Stanford University analyzed health insurance claims from 2001 to 2013 to investigate a relationship between concurrent benzodiazepine and opioid use and opioid overdose. A significant increase in the incidence of current use and the risk of overdose was found in patients taking both types of medications.   Opioid abuse continues to be a
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A clinical study of adult patients with an asthma diagnosis suggests that follow-up reassessment may be warranted.   A recent study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association investigated whether asthma can be ruled out and medications can safely be stopped in some adult patients.According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
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Nearly 100 female infants and babies living in harsh conditions for more than six months in Romanian orphanages, before British parents adopted them, demonstrated more childhood disorders during their early years and young adulthood when compared with their counterparts.   European doctors of medicine and the sciences wanted to learn what effects early-life experiences would
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A meta-analysis of pooled individual data from cohorts of cases and controls found that participants with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) from 23 sites in North and South America, Europe and China had smaller amygdala, accumbens, and hippocampus volumes compared to healthy controls.   Previously, meta-analyses of clinical data revealed reduced volumes of basal ganglia,
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Whole-genome sequencing of individuals with autism spectrum disorder and their families reveal 18 new candidate genes that have the potential to be future diagnostic and therapeutic targets.   Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder which affects approximately one percent of the global population. ASD encompasses disorders such as autism, Asperger’s syndrome, and other
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Nonadherence to ADHD medication in adolescents, especially during their transition to college, can have significant repercussions on academic performance and long-term goals. In a recent study, published in the Journal of Adolescent Health, 10 freshmen with ADHD were interviewed regarding their medication self-management experience as they transitioned to college life.   Nonadherence to medical treatment
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