Depression and anxiety are often prevalent in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but these patients do not often seek traditional therapy. A recent study reports that telephone-based cognitive behavioral therapy significantly improved symptoms of depression in COPD patients after an eight-week telephone program.   Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a well-known disease
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Physical fitness, an important health status marker, has been found to predict cardiovascular disease and mortality. A recent study demonstrated that greater self-reported physical fitness, in particular cardiorespiratory fitness, is associated with higher self-reported life satisfaction, quality of life, and self-rated health among adolescents.   Physical fitness, an important health status marker, has been found
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Menopause is associated with weight gain and bone loss. Building on previous research indicating that levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) begin to remain high just prior to menopause, researchers investigated whether treating mice with an antibody to block FSH action triggered weight loss and prevented bone loss.   FSH is a fertility hormone produced
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Water and beverage consumption is an important, but generally under-emphasized, aspect of nutritional health. International health institutes, like the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), have been aiming to combine global data to understand healthy levels of water:caloric intake levels – especially for children.   It is a public health priority of the United Kingdom, United
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A new study, published in JAMA Dermatology, reveals important difference in dermatologic diseases in white and non-white organ transplant recipients.   Organ transplant recipients are at high risk of acquiring cutaneous malignant neoplasms (skin cancers), primarily due to the high intensity UV radiotherapy and immunosuppression. In response, specialty dermatology clinics have been established to reduce
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Cancer patients require psychosocial assistance in addition to medical treatments, which respectively involves the general practitioner and the oncologist. A recent study sheds light on oncologists’ opinion about the involvement of general practitioners in treating cancer patients, which paves the way to future improvements in establishing communication bridges between general practitioners and oncologists for the
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No two cases of depression are alike, and approximately 20% of depression patients do not respond to any treatment. MRI was used to predict depression treatment outcomes by examining connectivity of the subcallosal cingulate cortex.   Depression is an incredibly common mental disorder that affects more than 3 million people in the US each year
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A recently published study analyzes genetic influence on serum carotenoid concentration and its impact on obesity-related characteristics.   The increasing global prevalence of obesity has driven extensive research on lifestyle and genetic methods to control excess weight gain. Dietary intervention is the primary environmental variable used to tackle excess weight. It has been suggested that
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Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) are widely-used effective treatments for depression. A recent study examined patients over the course of 10 months of treatment and found that CBT was more effective at lowering depression severity than IPT.   Depression, also known as major depressive disorder, is defined by the National Institute of
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Urinary tract infection (UTI) related to urinary catheter use can cause many problems in nursing home residents. A USA nationwide project to improve care in this area successfully reduced the number of catheter-associated UTIs.   A urinary catheter is a small flexible tube inserted via the urethra into the bladder to drain urine. It is
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Antibiotic use for respiratory tract infections is the mainstay therapy in primary care but a recent study shows that hospital reconsultations with symptoms of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) can be significantly reduced with delayed antibiotic prescription.   Infections of the respiratory tract are a regular reason for primary care consultations and patients often present
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Obesity is common among older adults and has been found to exacerbate age-related functional decline and contribute to frailty. Researchers found that the most effective strategy to elicit weight loss while maintaining physical function and preserving lean muscle mass and bone mineral density is a combination of aerobic exercise and resistance training in addition to
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Researchers find no evidence to suggest that exposure to dogs or farm animals in an infant’s first year of life is associated with the development of type 1 diabetes.   In a first-of-its-kind study, researchers associated with three Swedish universities and their affiliates questioned whether early exposure to dogs and other animals, which carry many
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Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a progressive autoimmune disease which interrupts the transmission of nerve impulses, impairing both body function and movement.  While this often leads to a decrease in overall physical activity, a recent study found evidence that individuals with MS and an increased risk of falling walked even less each day than did individuals
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A cohort study in Japan investigated the relationship between eating citrus fruits and developing dementia later in life. The authors controlled for a number of confounding factors, and found that the consumption of citrus is linked with lower incidence of dementia.   Neurodegeneration leading to loss of cognitive function, generally referred to as dementia, is
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Diagnosis of mild-cognitive impairment (MCI) and, in many cases, the subsequent incident dementia in the elderly has proven to be difficult with current methods such as cerebrospinal fluid biomarker analysis. An article in JAMA Neurology discusses how a dual-task gait performance paradigm was used successfully as a diagnostic marker of progression to dementia in elderly
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Recent research published in JAMA Psychiatry investigated depressive symptoms prior to dementia diagnoses and found no evidence to suggest that depression and dementia are linked.   A team of researchers at the University College London, in England, conducted a study to investigate the trajectories of depressive symptoms and how they relate to later diagnoses of
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The development of oral language skills is a central measure of child development in elementary school, and failure to develop these skills may create life-long difficulties for children. In a recent study, researchers identified within-child biological, familial, and social factors associated with oral language skills at age 11 based on children’s levels of language development.
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Vaccine concept Influenza virus infection during pregnancy can increase the risk of hospitalization and illness when compared to non-pregnant women. Year-round vaccination during pregnancy may decrease the associated morbidities in mothers and their infants, and may have better overall efficacy than seasonal vaccinations.   Each year many people worldwide are infected with the influenza virus,
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